Terms

Term 1

Term Symbol Definition
A tempo Return to original tempo
Accelerando Gradually speed up
Calore With warmth
Cantabile In a singing style
Coda The last part of a piece
Con Brio With vigour and spirit
Con Moto With motion
Crescendo Gradually get louder
Da Capo D.C. Return to the beginning of a piece.
Dal Segno D.S. Return to “The Sign”
Decrescendo Gradually get softer
Diminuendo Gradually get softer
Dolce Sweetly
Fermata Hold the note until the conductor releases it.
Fine The end
Giocoso Humourously, jokingly
Legato Smoothly
Marcato Marked; emphasized
Molto Very much; a lot
Morendo Dying away
Poco A little
Rallentando Slow down
Ritardando Gradually slower
Ritenuto Slow more suddenly and extremely than a ritardando
Rubato Display intense feeling by modifying the time.
Sempre Always
Sforzando Forcibly; with a sudden strong accent
Sostenuto sustained
Staccato Separated
Tenuto Held, sustained. Wind Player: use a soft tongue. Singers: “press” articulation.

Term 2

Term Symbol Definition
A tempo Return to original tempo
Accelerando Gradually speed up
Adagio Slow, but not Largo
Allargando Slow down and crescendo
Allegretto Quite fast, but not as fast as Allegro
Allegro Fast
Andante Moderately slow; Walking tempo
Andantino Slower than Andante, but often used to mean the reverse
Coda The last part of a piece
Crescendo Gradually get louder
Da Capo D.C. Return to the beginning of a piece.
Dal Segno D.S. Return to “The Sign”
Decrescendo Gradually get softer
Diminuendo Gradually get softer
Fermata Hold the note until the conductor releases it.
Fine The end
L’istesso Tempo The same speed
Largo Very slow and dignified
Legato Smoothly
Lento Slowly
Meno mosso Less motion; less rapidly
Piu mosso More motion; more rapidly
Rallentando Slow down
Ritardando Gradually slower
Ritenuto Slow more suddenly and extremely than a ritardando
Staccato Separated
Stringendo Gradually speed up, usually with a crescendo
Tempo Giusto Fitting or strict tempo
Tempo Primo Return to the first tempo
Vivace Quick and lively

Term 3

Term Symbol Definition
Adagio Slow, but not Largo
Allargando Slow down and crescendo
Allegretto Quite fast, but not as fast as Allegro
Allegro Fast
Andante Moderately slow; Walking tempo
Andantino Slower than Andante, but often used to mean the reverse
Calore With warmth
Cantabile In a singing style
Con Brio With vigour and spirit
Con Moto With motion
Dolce Sweetly
Giocoso Humourously, jokingly
L’istesso Tempo The same speed
Largo Very slow and dignified
Lento Slowly
Marcato Marked; emphasized
Meno mosso Less motion; less rapidly
Molto Very much; a lot
Morendo Dying away
Piu mosso More motion; more rapidly
Poco A little
Rubato Display intense feeling by modifying the time.
Sempre Always
Sforzando Forcibly; with a sudden strong accent
Sostenuto sustained
Stringendo Gradually speed up, usually with a crescendo
Tempo Giusto Fitting or strict tempo
Tempo Primo Return to the first tempo
Tenuto Held, sustained. Wind Player: use a soft tongue. Singers: “press” articulation.
Vivace Quick and lively